Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN),

Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN), was established in 2002 as a programme under the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), to spearhead effective anticipation and prevention of conflicts in the sub region. The mandate of CEWARN is to "receive and share information concerning potentially violent conflicts, as well as their outbreak and escalation in the IGAD regionĄ±. CEWARN is currently monitoring and tracking cross-border pastoral conflicts in these pilot areas: the Karamoja, Dikhil and Somali Clusters.

sketch-map-of-karamoja

The mechanism aims are twofold:
1. To provide early warning on pastoral and related conflicts.
2. To prevent and mitigate conflict through early warning and early response.

Since 2003, Centre for Basic Research (CBR) has served as a National Research Institute (NRI) responsible for collecting, analyzing and disseminating early warning information on behalf of Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN).

As the NRI in Uganda, CBR is mandated to lead the process of strengthening peace committees and advocacy for peace building. In this regard, CBR is responsible for ensuring that a functioning early warning (EW) and early response (ER) infrastructure is in place and periodically generate quality information necessary to guide decision making and advocacy. Over time CBR has helped establish functional referral points for EW and ER initiatives for Karamoja cluster. Specifically CBR is responsible for training and supervising field monitors; collecting, analyzing and disseminating early warning information to all relevant stake holders; carry out any research commissioned by CEWARN or CEWERU, carry out any activity relevant to early warning and early response work including sharing relevant information with all stakeholders.

In terms of providing strategic direction to Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution (CPMR) activities on the Uganda side of the Karamoja Cluster, CBR spearheaded the development of operational guidelines for Uganda Conflict Early Warning and Early Response Unit (CEWERU). Development of these Operational Guidelines was a product of extensive consultations with various CPMR stakeholders and members at district and lower local government levels. This rigorous interface was made much simpler by CBRs wide understanding of the decentralization system and previous experience working with and for local governments. CBR has also been instrumental in the initiation of a process of developing National Policy on Conflict Resolution and Peace Building.

Currently CEWARN is monitoring pastoral related conflicts in the Karamoja cluster side of Uganda as a pilot project. CEWARN established a unique database which provides timely, constant and accurate information on cross-border pastoral related conflicts. CEWARN through field monitors collects data on pastoral related conflicts and also issues alerts about impending attacks and/or acts of violence.

Several achievements and successes have been made under CEWARN mechanism in Uganda. These include among others: relaying of alerts aimed at preventing a number of raids/attacks and acts of violence within the country and neighboring countries; established district peace committees in Bukwo, Kaabong, Kapchorwa, Kotido, Moroto and Nakapiripirit districts bringing on board both government and non government actors; the early warning information generated has helped in peace dialogues; carrying out reconciliation between communities and provision of relief services; producing Situational Briefs on critical issues like famine, drought, disarmament, etc; increased awareness among government, civil society actors and other stakeholders regarding the nature, intensity and magnitude of cross-border pastoralist conflicts.

CEWARN in Uganda has managed to bring together state and non-state actors to collaborate and adopt strategies toward addressing violent cross border pastoralist conflicts. However, CEWARN's experience in trying to prevent conflicts has shown that it requires much more cooperation and input of all stakeholders at local, national and regional levels both in information provision and response to the early warning reports/alerts. The complexity and depth of pastoral conflicts require multi-faceted approaches and collaboration to address and mitigate them.

Launch of the Regional Leaders' Forum Workshop organised by CBR at Mt. Elgon Hotel, Mbale. Workshop participants pose for a group photo with the Minister for Internal Affairs Hon. Hilary Onek (seated in the middle in a red tie) next to him on his left Minister of State for Karamoja Affairs Hon. Barbara Nekesa.

Members of Kotido Senior Secondary School Peace Club

Members of Kotido Senior Secondary School Peace Club ( Activities Supported Under RRF with Support from CBR).

The Karamoja Cross Border Womens Advocacy

The Karamoja Cross Border Women's Advocacy Forum formed in Moroto district supported under CBR through RRF Fund- CEWERU Uganda. Activity carried out by IIRR and UJCC.

Researchers from CBR pose for a photograph with a Chief Priest of Morunayece Peace Accord in Kotido District.

Researchers from CBR pose for a photograph with a Chief Priest of Morunayece Peace Accord in Kotido District.

Alerts!
On the 27th August 2013, the Dodoth warriors from Kaabong district attempted to raid 20 head of cattle from the Jie of Lopuyo parish, Rengen Sub County, Jie county, Kotido district. Fortunately, the UPDF working with members of Kotido district pre-empted the raid with routine patrols after suspected strange movement of the Dodoth youths. As a result of this intervention, the Dodoth warriors were forced to abandon their mission. In another development, on 31st August 2013, the Jie warriors from Kotido district who were suspected to have stolen three (3) heads of cattle from the Turkana of Kenya were trailed from the Turkana kraals. The culprits were netted at Nakoreto village, Nakwakwa parish Rengen sub county Jie county, Kotido district by a joint team of Jie elders/kraal leaders and Turkana who helped in livestock identification. All the 3 animals were recovered and handed to the Turkana.

We need to be organised- Women activist

1st, October 2014

Women activists have been asked to form an organized front to advocate for their causes other than having several voices speaking differently.

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\r\n This was said by Jane Alisemera Babiiha (former Bundibugyo MP) during a gender and political settlement event at Center for basic research, in Kololo.

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